CBD and Hemp FAQ's
Thinking about trying CBD oil? Or perhaps you’ve got a question about how it works? Here are some of the most common questions that we get asked about CBD oil.
How is CBD oil made?
Cannabidiol, typically abbreviated to CBD, is a type of cannabinoid found in the cannabis sativa plant. It occurs together with many other cannabinoids, and must be extracted from the plant in order to create the oil.
After the compounds are extracted from the plant, they undergo a process known as winterisation. This removes undesirable components such as lipids and waxes and leaves a crude oil. It’s then just a case of refinement and filtering to create the finished CBD oil which is free of any contaminants or unwanted materials.
The precise method of extraction, winterisation, refinement and distilling can vary significantly from one manufacturer to another. You may therefore notice marked differences in the CBD oil produced by different brands.
How does CBD work?
The human body contains something known as the endocannabinoid system (ECS), also present in other mammals. This was only discovered relatively recently by scientists so there’s still lots of research going on into what it does.
The ECS contains receptors which are present all over the body. Although it has no role to play in essential functions such as breathing, the ECS influences a range of functions including sleep, appetite, memory, reproduction, mood and pain. The ECS receptors sit on the cells and “listen” to the conditions of the body before letting the cell know what’s going on, allowing it to respond as needed.
Cannabinoids such as CBD interact with these receptors and help to keep the body in balance.
Can I take CBD oil when pregnant or breastfeeding?
CBD is a natural herbal supplement so it’s understandable that you might want to use the product when you’re pregnant or breastfeeding. However, while the World Health Organisation has said that there is no evidence that pure CBD oil produces any adverse effects, the general advice is to exercise caution.
To date, there have been no long-term or widespread studies of the use of CBD in pregnancy so it’s currently not recommended. It’s also believed to be able to pass from plasma in the bloodstream into milk, so it should be avoided for breastfeeding women too.
Is CBD oil and hemp seed oil the same?
CBD can be found in both hemp and marijuana plants, that’s why you might hear the two words used interchangeably.
The difference is that hemp plants don’t contain high levels of THC, the component which produces the feeling of being high. By contrast, the marijuana plant includes high levels of THC along with the CBD.
However, although CBD can be made from hemp, it uses the whole of the plant including the stalks, leaves and flowers. Hemp seed oil is different and only uses the seeds of the plant. These do not contain any CBD oil but do have many other beneficial qualities.
You therefore cannot use hemp seed oil as a substitute for CBD oil.
Does CBD show up in a drugs test?
Whether you undergo random drug testing as part of your job, you compete in sports or you expect to have a drugs test for other reasons, you might be concerned about whether CBD will show up.
The short answer is that no, you don’t have to worry about CBD showing in a drugs test. This is the case no matter how recently you have taken it, or at what dose. WADA have also removed CBD oil as a banned substance, and allow it to be used even during competitions.
No drugs test specifically checks for CBD but it is essential that you choose a product with legal levels of THC. CBD which includes THC of more than 0.2% would show on drugs tests and be illegal.
If the result of a drugs test is a concern, look for CBD products which contain as little THC as possible - many are even lower than 0.2%. Trace amounts could potentially still show up so look for CBD Isolate or 0% THC to be certain.
Is CBD addictive?
Extracted from the same plant as the marijuana drug, questions have been raised about whether CBD offers any potential for abuse or addiction. The World Health Organisation (WHO) have carried out research in this area and concluded that not only is CBD perfectly safe, but it also carries no risks for abuse or addiction. This is backed up by studies carried out by other parties which reached the same conclusion.
This means that CBD can be used as needed without any fear of becoming addicted to the product.
You can read the full report and research from the WHO here.
Will CBD oil make me high?
Maybe you want to take CBD oil to get a legal high, or perhaps you’re concerned about the psychoactive effect. Whatever your reason for asking the question, it’s important to understand that CBD oil won’t get you high - not even a little bit.
To be legal to sell in the UK, CBD oil must only contain trace elements of THC.
THC is the cannabinoid which is responsible for the euphoria and for the renowned feeling of relaxation and being high. Without any THC present, there is no noticeable psychoactive effect, and no change to your level of alertness.
What is the right CBD dosage for me?
There’s no single unified opinion on what the right dose of CBD oil is. That’s a difficult concept for most people to accept because we’re so conditioned to taking supplements which have a very clear recommended dose.
However, because CBD can affect the body in many different ways, it depends on the result you’re trying to achieve. It also depends on many other factors such as your sex, your weight and your natural sensitivity to CBD.
You should start below your optimum dose and gradually increase it. This reduces the likelihood of side effects and allows you to see how your body responds. You can read more information about dosage here.
How long do the effects of CBD last for?
There’s no single answer to how long each dose of CBD lasts for as it depends on the makeup of your body, the dose and the method you’ve used. It also depends whether you’ve been used CBD regularly or you’ve just taken it on an isolated occasion.
However, as a very general rule of thumb, you can expect CBD to last for between two and six hours. The higher the dose, the longer the effects will potentially last.
What are the different ways CBD oil can be taken?
More is being learnt about CBD all of the time, and as demand grows manufacturers are developing different ways for the product to be used and taken. For example, in some cases it may be more beneficial to rub it on your body rather than swallow it.
Some of the most common ways you can take CBD oil include:
In a tincture which is dropped under the tongueIn gummies, chocolate or other edible goodies As a vaping e-liquid As a balm which you rub onto your body As a capsule, or sometimes a suppository
What is the difference between CBD and THC?
CBD and THC are both types of cannabinoid which are found in the cannabis sativa plant in varying amounts. Hemp plants only contain a small amount of THC, but plenty of CBD while marijuana plants carry high quantities of both.
THC is the substance which is psychoactive. This means THC is the component of marijuana which provides the euphoric high feelings. It can sometimes also induce anxiety and panic. THC is not allowed to be present in any products at more than trace level.
By contrast, although CBD is also a cannabinoid, it does not have any psychoactive qualities. Taking CBD without THC means you will not get high or experience significantly altered levels of consciousness.
How will CBD make me feel?
The effect of CBD is very much a personal experience and much depends on the type of CBD oil you are taking and the dose, plus other factors.
You won’t feel high as CBD oil doesn’t contain THC.
It typically takes a couple of weeks (or longer) for the full effect of CBD to be noticed. There’s not usually a single moment when you can feel it kicking in.
People often describe feeling more relaxed and peaceful after taking CBD which is why many take it at night. Some users also say they don’t notice pain after taking CBD oil and that they feel much more at ease physically.
Is CBD oil legal in the UK?
Legislation and regulation around CBD oil and its use is still in its infancy. As more people have started to use the product, there has been an increased focus on the legal status.
The good news is that in the UK, CBD is completely legal to buy - providing that it contains less than 0.2% of THC.
THC is the component which is responsible for producing feelings of euphoria or being high, and it’s illegal in the UK.
There are more complex regulations for those who plan on selling CBD products such as labelling and licensing.
As a buyer it’s important to be able to trust the source you purchase your CBD oil from. Here at Lftd, you can rest assured that all of our products contain less than 0.2% THC and are completely legal.
Are there any side effects associated with CBD?
Although several studies have concluded that CBD has what’s described as a “favourable safety profile” it’s important to begin slowly and gradually increase the dose as needed.
Although you won’t get high when you take CBD oil, if you start with a dose which is too high you are more likely to encounter some side effects.
If you’re taking a quality product and are on the right dose, most people should be able to enjoy the benefits of CBD oil without any significant side effects. On a dose which is too high you may experience nausea, dizziness or headaches.
Side effects are more likely if you are already taking medication so seek advice from your pharmacist or doctor if this is the case.
What exactly is CBD oil?
CBD is a single component which is found in the cannabis plant. CBD oil contains CBD extracted from the plant source.
Depending on the manufacturing process, CBD oil may contain CBD in isolation or it may include other cannabinoids and terpenes from the plant. This is the difference between full spectrum, broad spectrum and CBD isolate. Only the latter eliminates all other cannabinoids and terpenes and solely provides CBD.
Research suggests that taking CBD oil which includes other cannabinoids and terpenes produces the best result, known as the entourage effect.